Encopresis is an elimination disorder which is characterized by voluntary or involuntary inappropriate passage of feces which occurs at least once a month for three months. The individual must at least be four years old for a diagnosis to be given. The most common cause of encopresis is chronic constipation as it causes the colon to become too full which results to the liquid stool leaking around the impacted stool. Also, the intestines get swollen due to the frequent stool retention which leads to the lack of bowel movement control. Another possible cause is emotional issues or stress. The symptoms of encopresis include liquid stool on underwear, frequent constipation, lack of appetite, abdominal pain, and bladder infections.

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