Disobedience is the action of not obeying a command. This commonly occurs in adolescence and can be seen as a juvenile desire to resist a command, usually because they simply just don't want to obey an authority figure.
For example, a parent says to come into the house and the child laughs and runs away. Disobedience can also be a refusal to follow an instruction or command because of an emotional or moral belief that the command is not proper or just. An example of this would be a business directing an employee to do something illegal and the employee refuses to comply.
In psychology, Stanley Milgram conducted famous experiments on obedience which showed that disobedience of authority figures would occur in certain circumstances while in others complete and total obedience occurred.