To be proactive is to anticipate a problem and provide skills such as advice, training, and knowledge in advance of the intended problem.

For example, the teacher was proactive in providing guidance and additional instruction about the science project because they knew the topic was often difficult with students in the past. Used in I/O (Industrial and Organizational) psychology, proactive behavior involves acting in advance of a future situation, rather than just reacting. In this view, proactivity or proactive behavior by individuals refers to anticipatory, change-oriented, and self-initiated behavior in situations that call for it.

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