A p-value (also known as calculated probability) is a hypothesis test that is used to determine the significance of the results from a study. It is the probability that the results from an experiment or study are due to chance and not the experimental conditions. In research the null hypothesis is a prediction or claim about a population and a hypothesis test like a p-value is used to see how valid this claim is. The p-value is a range from 0 to 1 with a p-value of less than .05 being statistically significant. This means that the results have a less than .05 percent possibility of being due to chance and not the experimental conditions.