Overgeneralization

Overgeneralization is an error that involves coming to a conclusion based on information that is too general and/or not specific enough. This is like looking at a whale and concluding that "since it lives in water and has fins it must be a fish." This conclusion doesn't take into consideration all the facts, such as whales breathe air and nurse their young, which makes it a mammal. In science, as well as other areas of study, overgeneralization can lead to significant mistakes.

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