The term neurological refers to the study of disorders of the nervous system. Neurological disorders can be caused by physical/structural damage or be biological in origin and include disorders of the central nervous system, peripheral nervous system, and autonomic nervous system.

Neurological pathologies include conditions like dementia and other conditions that arise from a physical deterioration of the brain and nerves. Researchers study the ways that the nervous system deteriorates with age and disease, as well as possible methods of healing and repairing the nervous system when injured or affected by disease or injury.

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