Neocolonialism refers to a situation where a colonizing country continues to exert influence over the colonized country and its people long after it has attained independence. The colonizer may continue to wield control through economic or cultural means.
For example, the Philippines was a former US territory, and was granted independence in 1947. However, its culture remains to be highly Americanized. For instance, a person is only commonly considered to be educated if he can communicate in English. Many women also go through great lengths to whiten their skin, since they believe that a Caucasian look is more attractive.