Needle phobia is an extreme fear of hypodermic needles and the medical procedures that utilize them. Also known as aichmophobia, belonephobia, or enetophobia this fear can cause a person to avoid seeking out or utilizing medical care. Recognized in 1994 for inclusion in the DSM-IV it is estimated that around 10% of the population suffers from some degree of needle fear. The most severe individuals (those with a needle phobia) can refuse to engage in inoculation or blood tests with some refusing any type of medical care. This condition can be managed by various means depending on the severity of the condition and the underlying reasons that cause this type of fear. Common treatments include behavioral therapy, topical analgesics, nitrous oxide, or the use of Benzodiazapine to control anxiety.