Loading, in biological (genetic) usage, refers to the existing diversity of a population's gene pool in comparison to what the gene pool would be if all members of that group possessed all of the most favored features of the genotype (intellectual and physical traits). This is essentially a statistical measurement of the existing reality of the genetic health of a population measured against a hypothetical ideal state. This balance can be positively or negatively effected by the introduction of mutations into the existing gene pool. Basically, this measures the potential diversity of a population.

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