Learning Paradigms

Learning paradigms are the different learning process perspectives such as humanism, behaviorism, constructivism, and connectivism.

The theories under each paradigm have the same viewpoint. For instance, humanists see the worth of every learner and that learning should be more focused on the process as it is a means for self-actualization. Hence, students should be seen as essentially good and their free will must be respected. As for constructivists, they view learning as an active process as knowledge should be constructed by the learner. For example, experiential learning activities are conducted to let the students come up with insights. In behaviorism, observable behavior is emphasized and the stimulus-response connection is the most important form of learning. For instance, students should be rewarded when performing well and punished when misbehaving. In connectivism, internet technology is seen as crucial in creating and sharing knowledge. For example, some students can better learn online and perform better with certain computer applications.

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