Jungian Psychology (or Analytical Psychology)
Jungian Psychology (or analytical psychology) was developed by Swiss psychologist Carl Jung starting in the early 1900s. Jung worked with Sigmund Freud before they split regarding their differing psychological theories.
Jung believed that organisms possess a collective unconscious that provides a framework and pattern for how we organize and interpret information. Jung called these patterns archetypes and that by being present in the collective unconscious that were presented as instincts in humans.Some archetypal figures common in all cultures are the devil, god/gods, the hero, and the trickster. Emphasis was placed on the myths and folklore of different cultures.
He theorized that everyone seeks a balance between the consciousness and unconsciousness and great importance was placed on dream interpretation. Jung developed theories on introvertism, extrovertism, and synchronicity.