Jargon aphasia is characterized by speech which is only understood by the speaker. Those with this condition often replace words with similar sounding ones or random sounds. For instance, instead of saying, “I’d like a cup of coffee”, the patient would say, “I lies a sup of cocoa”. Specifically, they may have difficulties in recognizing verbal and/or written errors and using appropriate words. They also mix real with nonsensical words and frequently repeat certain phrases (or words).
Hence, patients with jargon aphasia may need assistance in reading, speaking, writing, comprehension, identifying objects, and maintaining conversations. This condition may be caused by Alzheimer’s disease, brain tumor, Parkinson’s disease, stroke, epilepsy, and traumatic brain injury. Patients are often treated with the help of a speech-language pathologist.