Immediate recall is one portion of a measure of mild cognitive impairment (MCI). It is a neuropsychological test instrument that is used to compare a subject's responses in order to differentiate between normal cognitive functioning and mild dementia (whether it is the result of normal aging or Alzheimer's disease). In this test the subject is given material to memorize, usually a list of words. Immediately after the list was removed, the subject is asked to remember the items on the list. The test is scored by the number of items remembered.