IUD (Intrauterine Device)

IUD or Intrauterine Device, also known as coil, is a birth control device that is inserted into the uterus to prevent fertilization.

There are generally two types: non-hormonal and hormonal and they are made in several different models. Non-hormonal IUDs contain copper which releases chemicals that can kill sperm and disrupt their motility. Hormonal devices contain progestin which make the endometrium uninhabitable for sperm and implantation.

The adverse effects include pelvic inflammation, ovarian cysts, and abdominal cramps. Unfortunately, IUDs (like all methods of artificial birth control) are not 100% reliable and an unplanned pregnancy may still occur. In the event of pregnancy symptoms it is imperative to consult a doctor.

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