Heterophenomenology is understood as “phenomenology of another, not oneself” and this terminology was coined by Daniel Clement Dennett III, an American philosopher and cognitive scientist. It is a third-person approach in scientifically looking into an individual’s perception, memories, and other mental phenomena. Hence, the information is not only based on one’s subjective experience but also on other accessible evidence. Dennett developed heterophenomenology in response to the traditional Cartesian phenomenology which readily accepts self-reports as convincing.

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