Gustaoception refers to the ability to taste, and to discriminate flavors. Part of a chemical receptive system, this ability lies with the taste buds (small structures or papillae) that are located on the tongue, palate and epiglottis that are able to detect sweet, sour, bitter, salty and umami (a Japanese term that refers to a "savory" or mildly spicy) flavors. These taste buds transmit information through taste receptor cells to the brain.

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