Gross National Happiness (GNH)

Gross National Happiness (GNH) is a collective assessment of a country’s happiness. GNH was coined in 1972 by Jigme Singye Wangchuck, the fourth Dragon King of Bhutan. It has been the aim of the government of Bhutan to employ the index of GNH and enhance the well-being of its constituents since 2008.

The nine GNH domains include psychological wellbeing, material wellbeing or standard of living, good governance, health, education, community vitality, cultural diversity and resilience, balanced time use, and ecological diversity.

This political movement has inspired other countries such as the Philippines, Thailand, United Kingdom, United States, Canada, and Australia.

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