Friedrich Schlegel (1772-1829) was a German author, linguist, and philosopher who had a multi-faceted career in both politics and academia. His chief academic interests were philology (the area of study that focuses on the development, history, and relationships of languages) and the philosophy of history. He authored many books dealing with both history and philosophy. Schlegel is credited with coining the term "historicism" which proposes that cultural and social aspects of the world are shaped and influenced by history. He is also considered to be the founder of the Romantic movement in literature.