Embryonic Stem Cells
Embryonic stem cells are obtained from embryos which were not yet implanted in the uterus. These stem cells have the capacity to self-renew through prolonged duplication. They can grow into different primary germ layers (ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm). Such qualities make embryonic stem cells ideal for regenerative medicine and tissue replacement which can be employed in treating injuries and immune system-linked diseases such as cancer, diabetes, and Parkinson’s. The first human derived embryonic stem cells were reported in 1998.