Discovery learning is also known as 21st century learning, experiential learning, and problem-based learning. It is both inquiry and constructivist based as its primary principle asserts that learners can largely benefit from exploring and realizing connections independently. This approach encourages the conduct of experiments, incidental learning, hands-on activities, problem-based learning, and insightful questions. By discovering facts on their own, students may remember and understand concepts more vividly.

For instance, children are tasked to go to the garden and identify monocot and dicot plants; this way, they can better experience nature as compared to merely looking at textbook illustrations. The teacher also guides them to observe and write questions that come their minds as they are doing the activity. The children’s incidental observations and questions will then be addressed through an interactive discussion.

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