Cartesian dualism is literally Rene Descartes’ (a French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist) concept of dualism since “Cartesius” is the Latin form of “Descartes”. This concept simply asserts that the mind and body are two separate existing entities and that there is a two-way interaction between them. Specifically, Descartes believed that the mind generally controls the body and the interaction takes place at the epiphysis or pineal gland. However, the body can still influence the mind as evidenced by irrational behaviors such as those characterized by impulsive acts brought about by intense emotions such as passion and anger.

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