Camptocormia is also known as bent spine syndrome (BSS) which commonly affects the elderly with an average onset of 66 years old. Alexandre-Achille Souques and B. Rosanoff-Saloff coined this term. It came from the Greek words “kampto” (“to bend”) and “kormos” (“trunk”). This is manifested as the forward bending of the lower spine with at least an anterior flexion of 45 degrees. The condition is only apparent when standing and the flexed posture can be abated when lying down. Initially, camptocormia was thought to be a psychogenic disease. However, current findings show that this has no singular cause and it usually originates from neurological or muscular illnesses.

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